Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae-in have concluded their one-day summit in the South Korean section of the Joint Security Area The first meeting between leaders of the two Koreas in over a decade was heavy on symbolism and drama. The two leaders pledged to bring the Korean War to a formal end, as well as make the entire Korean peninsula free of nuclear weapons. The global media simply could not get enough, declaring the meeting to be a success far beyond the hopes of both sides, and fawning over the images of Kim Jong Un crossing the border into South Korea.
What the media fails to mention is the fact that the two Koreas have been down this road before. At the previously held inter-Korean summit meetings the leaders of both nations made broad promises to cooperate on a number of issues, and pave the way for closer relations in the future. As time went on, the opposite happened and the Koreas returned to the tense, hostile relationship that both sides had hoped was permanently in the past. With this in mind, many observers are understandably skeptical about the pledges made by Un and Moon.
The 2018 summit is neither an end or a beginning. It is the latest move in a decades-long chess match. The overall hope is that this gathering has laid the groundwork for a more crucial meeting between US President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un in the near future. Achieving this was a goal of both Korean leaders, but for entirely different reasons. Moon was intent on being seen as the man greatly responsible for thawing the US-North Korean standoff and bringing both sides to the negotiating table. He also wants to be able to take a large portion of the credit for any US-North Korean agreements regarding denuclearization. Un wants to negotiate with the United States, however, his reasons and motivation are suspect. Meeting with Trump as an equal would be seen as a major victory in Un’s eyes and establish North Korea as a world power. If there’s no concrete chances of him relinquishing North Korea’s nuclear weapons though, it’s highly unlikely the United States will agree to a meeting. And right now, there’s no proof the North Koreans intend to remain committed to denuclearizing their half of the peninsula, regardless of Un’s promises at the summit meeting yesterday.